Portable appliance testing commonly known as PAT or PAT Testing is the name of a process in the Australia, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand and United Kingdom by which electrical appliances are regularly checked for safety. Most electrical safety defects can be found by visual examination while some types of defect can be found only by testing. However, it is important to understand that visual examination is an essential part of the process due to the fact that some types of electrical safety defect can't be detected by testing alone.
Portable appliance testing is an important part of any safety and health policy. The Health & Safety Executive states that 25% of all reportable electrical accidents arise from portable appliances. The Electricity at Work Regulations placed a legal responsibility on employees, self-employed and employers to acquiesce with the provisions of the regulations and take satisfactorily practicable steps to ensure no danger results from the use of such equipment. This in effect requires the implementation of a regular program of testing, maintenance and inspection. The Health and Safety at Work Act (1974) places such an obligation these circumstances:
1. Where appliances are used by employees.
2. Where the public make use of appliances in establishments such as schools, hotels, shops, hospitals, etc.
3. Where appliances are hired or supplied.
4. Where appliances are serviced or repaired.
Useful PAT testing Links:
Pat testing glasgow
The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 demanded that any electrical equipment that has the potential to result to an injury is maintained in a safe condition. The Regulations do not specify what need to be done, by whom or how frequently, that is they don't make testing or inspection of electrical appliances a legal requirement. The frequency of testing and inspection depends upon the type of equipment and environment it is used in. Take for an example, a power tool that is used on a construction site needs to be examined more frequently than a lamp used in a hotel bedroom.
Why is important to have electrical appliances PAT tested?
The best way to ensure that your appliance is safe is by having a PAT test carried out on it. This is a good way for house owners to ensure that they meet their legal obligations to maintain high standards of electrical safety in their rented property. There are six main reasons for PAT Testing.
1. To comply with the law (regulations S.I NO.299 OF 2007)
2. To comply with insurance company requirements
3. To protect the integrity and professionalism of your company
4. To protect your company from possible court action
5. To protect your employees.
6. To protect visiting clients on your premises.
What does PAT testing involve?
To establish the suitability and safety of your electrical appliances, a competent person will carry out a visual inspection of the appliance. For Class I equipment they will equally inject test signals into the appliance and cable so as to ensure their integrity.
Who should do PAT testing?
Electrical work must only be carried out by individuals who have the necessary skill, knowledge and experience required to avoid danger to themselves and others. Any registered electricians can carry out portable appliance testing.
Is PAT testing (Portable Appliance Testing) compulsory?
No. The law only requires an employer of a company to ensure that their electrical equipment is maintained to prevent danger in the institution. It does not dictate how this should be done or how frequent it should be done.